This class is used to represent conservation planning problems. A conservation planning problem has spatially explicit planning units. A prioritization involves making a decision on each planning unit (e.g., is the planning unit going to be turned into a protected area?). Each planning unit is associated with a cost that represents the cost incurred by applying the decision to the planning unit. The problem also has a set of representation targets for each feature. Further, it also has constraints used to ensure that the solution meets additional objectives (e.g., certain areas are locked into the solution). Finally, a conservation planning problem---unlike an optimization problem---also requires a method to solve the problem. This class represents a planning problem, to actually build and then solve a planning problem, use the problem() function. Only experts should use this class directly.

Fields

$data

list object containing data.

$objective

Objective object used to represent how the targets relate to the solution.

$decisions

Decision object used to represent the type of decision made on planning units.

$targets

Target object used to represent representation targets for features.

$penalties

Collection object used to represent additional penalties that the problem is subject to.

$constraints

Collection object used to represent additional constraints that the problem is subject to.

$portfolio

Portfolio object used to represent the method for generating a portfolio of solutions.

$solver

Solver object used to solve the problem.

Usage

x$print()

x$show()

x$repr()

x$get_data(name)

x$set_data(name, value)

x$number_of_total_units()

x$number_of_planning_units()

x$planning_unit_indices()

x$planning_unit_indices_with_finite_costs()

x$planning_unit_costs()

x$number_of_features()

x$feature_names()

x$feature_abundances_in_planning_units()

x$feature_abundances_in_total_units()

x$feature_targets()

x$number_of_zones()

x$zone_names()

x$add_objective(obj)

x$add_decisions(dec)

x$add_portfolio(pol)

x$add_solver(sol)

x$add_constraint(con)

x$add_targets(targ)

x$get_constraint_parameter(id)

x$set_constraint_parameter(id, value)

x$get_objective_parameter(id)

x$set_objective_parameter(id, value)

x$get_solver_parameter(id)

x$set_solver_parameter(id, value)

x$get_portfolio_parameter(id)

x$set_portfolio_parameter(id, value)

x$get_penalty_parameter(id)

x$set_penalty_parameter(id, value)

Arguments

name

character name for object.

value

an object.

obj

Objective object.

dec

Decision object.

con

Constraint object.

pol

Portfolio object.

sol

Solver object.

targ

Target object.

cost

RasterLayer, SpatialPolygonsDataFrame, or SpatialLinesDataFrame object showing spatial representation of the planning units and their cost.

features

Zones or data.frame object containing feature data.

id

Id object that refers to a specific parameter.

value

object that the parameter value should become.

Details

print

print the object.

show

show the object.

repr

return character representation of the object.

get_data

return an object stored in the data field with the corresponding name. If the object is not present in the data field, a waiver object is returned.

set_data

store an object stored in the data field with the corresponding name. If an object with that name already exists then the object is overwritten.

number_of_planning_units

integer number of planning units.

planning_unit_indices

integer indices of the planning units in the planning unit data.

planning_unit_indices_with_finite_costs

list of integer indices of planning units in each zone that have finite cost data.

number_of_total_units

integer number of units in the cost data including units that have N cost data.

planning_unit_costs

matrix cost of allocating each planning unit to each zone. Each column corresponds to a different zone and each row corresponds to a different planning unit.

number_of_features

integer number of features.

feature_names

character names of features in problem.

feature_abundances_in_planning_units

matrix total abundance of each feature in planning units available in each zone. Each column corresponds to a different zone and each row corresponds to a different feature.

feature_abundances_in_total_units

matrix total abundance of each feature in each zone. Each column corresponds to a different zone and each row corresponds to a different feature.

feature_targets

tibble::tibble() with feature targets.

number_of_zones

integer number of zones.

zone_names

character names of zones in problem.

add_objective

return a new ConservationProblem with the objective added to it.

add_decisions

return a new ConservationProblem object with the decision added to it.

add_portfolio

return a new ConservationProblem object with the portfolio method added to it.

add_solver

return a new ConservationProblem object with the solver added to it.

add_constraint

return a new ConservationProblem object with the constraint added to it.

add_targets

return a copy with the targets added to the problem.

get_constraint_parameter

get the value of a parameter (specified by argument id) used in one of the constraints in the object.

set_constraint_parameter

set the value of a parameter (specified by argument id) used in one of the constraints in the object to value.

get_objective_parameter

get the value of a parameter (specified by argument id) used in the object's objective.

set_objective_parameter

set the value of a parameter (specified by argument id) used in the object's objective to value.

get_solver_parameter

get the value of a parameter (specified by argument id) used in the object's solver.

set_solver_parameter

set the value of a parameter (specified by argument id) used in the object's solver to value.

get_portfolio_parameter

get the value of a parameter (specified by argument id) used in the object's portfolio.

set_portfolio_parameter

set the value of a parameter (specified by argument id) used in objects' solver to value.